Enhancing Accessibility with Landmarks and Skip Links


How to use HTML landmarks and skip links


In the realm of web accessibility, creating an inclusive and user-friendly experience for all users is paramount. One crucial aspect of accessibility is the proper use of landmarks and skip links. In this article, we will explore the significance of landmarks in document structure and the benefits of skip links for screen reader users. We will also provide code examples to demonstrate their implementation.

Understanding Landmarks

Landmarks are HTML elements that define the structure of a web page, enabling users to navigate and understand its content more efficiently. They act as signposts, dividing the page into distinct sections. Some commonly used landmarks include <header>, <nav>, <main>, <section>, <aside>, and <footer>. Here’s an example of how landmarks can be used:

          <!-- Header content here -->

          <!-- Navigation content here -->

          <!-- Main content here -->

          <!-- Section content here -->

          <!-- Aside content here -->

          <!-- Footer content here -->

By using appropriate landmarks, you provide a clear structure to your webpage, allowing users to quickly navigate to relevant sections using assistive technologies like screen readers.

Introducing Skip Links

Skip links are hidden navigation links placed at the beginning of a webpage that allow users to bypass repetitive content and jump directly to the main content or specific sections. They are particularly beneficial for keyboard and screen reader users who may need to navigate through multiple elements before reaching the primary content. Let’s look at an example:

        <a href="#main-content" class="skip-link">Skip to main content</a>

        <main id="main-content">
          <!-- Main content here -->

In this example, the skip link with the class “skip-link” provides a hyperlink to the main content of the page. By clicking or activating this link, users can skip over the navigation, header, and other repetitive sections and jump straight to the main content, improving their browsing experience.

The Benefits of Landmarks and Skip Links

By utilizing landmarks and skip links, you offer several advantages to users with disabilities:

  1. Improved Navigation: Landmarks provide a clear structure, allowing users to navigate through a webpage more efficiently. Skip links enable users to skip repetitive content and jump directly to the desired sections, saving time and effort.
  2. Enhanced Screen Reader Experience: Screen reader users can benefit greatly from landmarks and skip links. Landmarks provide structural information, enabling screen readers to announce the section names and facilitate easier navigation. Skip links help users bypass lengthy menus or headers and focus on the core content.
  3. Keyboard Accessibility: Keyboard-only users can navigate the page more easily with skip links, avoiding the need to tab through repetitive elements and quickly reaching the content of interest.


Incorporating landmarks and skip links into your web development process is a powerful way to enhance accessibility and provide a better user experience. By structuring your web pages using appropriate landmarks and including skip links, you empower users to navigate your content more efficiently, particularly those relying on assistive technologies. Remember to implement landmarks correctly and place skip links prominently to ensure seamless navigation for all users.

Start implementing landmarks and skip links today to create more inclusive and accessible websites that prioritize the needs of all users.